Karlsruhe Court

German Constitutional Court (Photo: www.acus.org/new_atlanticist/german-court-uph..)

The Constitutional Court in Germany, asked to examine the compatibility of the Treaty of Maastricht with German law in 1993, came to a remarkably critical verdict.

The Court also characterised the EU as an association of states, a “Staatenbund”, and not a federalist state, a “Bundesstaat”, like Germany itself.