The Romanian Commericial Bank headquarters building (Photo: European Commission)

Has a population of 22.5 million and an area of 235,500 km2.

Applicant country expecting EU membership by 2007. Has had a Europe Agreement since 1995 and an Accession Partnership from 1998.

The Copenhagen Summit in December 2002 decided that Romania can become an EU member in 2007 if it maintains the rapid momentum of its membership negotiations. By May 2004, 23 of 31 negotiation chapters had been closed.